Early signs are often soreness/bleeding from the gums when brushing or flossing. Other common signs can be exposure of the roots (gum recession) or drifting of the teeth.If left untreated periodontitis ultimately leads to the loosening or loss of teeth, as the supporting bone is destroyed. Periodontitis is the leading cause of tooth loss.
Periodontitis is caused by a build up of bacteria (dental plaque). Other factors such as smoking, family history, diabetes and stress have a significant impact on how susceptible you are to the disease. It is now understood that untreated periodontal disease can have effects on general health including diabetes, heart disease and pregnancy outcomes.
How is periodontitis treated?
A specialist periodontist is a dental practitioner who specialises in the prevention and treatment of gum disease. With careful assessment and treatment, it is normally possible to halt the progress of periodontitis. Treatment of periodontitis requires oral hygiene instruction and advice on home care followed by professional cleaning under local anaesthetic by the periodontist.
Following the initial treatment, patients are then reassessed after a few weeks to ensure the disease has resolved. If localised areas of periodontitis are found to persist, these isolated areas may require further treatment, which may include surgical corrective therapy.
Long-term success of periodontal treatment depends on both your own efforts with oral hygiene and those of the practice team who provide your regular care.
Regular follow-up appointments with your hygienist and periodontist are vitally important to ensure the disease process does not reoccur.
For more information about periodontal treatments, please feel free to contact the practice.